Notre-Dame de Paris, also known as Notre-Dame Cathedral or simply Notre-Dame, is a medieval Catholic cathedral on the Île de la Cité in the 4th arrondissement of Paris, France. The cathedral is widely considered to be one of the finest examples of French Gothic architecture. Construction began in 1163 under Bishop Maurice de Sully and was mostly completed by 1250, though it was modified frequently in the following centuries. The cathedral was badly damaged in a fire in April 2019, but plans are underway for its restoration.
The ceiling of Notre-Dame de Paris is a masterpiece of Gothic architecture, featuring a series of ribbed vaults and flying buttresses that help to support the weight of the roof. The ribs of the vaults are decorated with intricate stone carvings, including images of biblical figures and scenes, as well as a variety of decorative patterns. The ceiling also features a large rose window, which is a circular window featuring intricate stained glass. The window is located above the entrance to the cathedral and is considered one of the most famous and recognizable features of Notre-Dame.